About a year ago I posted a blog on car seat safety. At the time I was not a trained technician. Now I am! So I am posting a slightly updated, more informative blog to car seats! All the children's photos in this have been used with permission from the parents or guardians and I've removed some faces for privacy reasons. Feel free to ask me anything, or let me know if you need help installing your seats!
Rear-Facing – Infant Seat
Important things to remember
It is 5 times safer for a child to be rear-facing in a
• The harness must be snug against the child. If you can pinch the seat straps at the shoulder/collar bone area while the child is in the seat, it's too loose!
• Snug means no winter coats or snowsuits that cause you to adjust the straps bigger. This also means nothing behind the infant, like the snug-a-bye bunting bags with thick backing. Nothing should interfere with the positioning of straps.
• The bottom clip should come from behind the child, not in front of them. This is to prevent slouching. If you're unable to get the belt close enough to prevent this use a rolled blanket in a U-shape between baby and strap. This is the only time it is ever recommended to use something.
• The shoulder straps should be below or at the child's shoulder, not above.
• The chest clip goes on the chest. Not the stomach, not the neck.
• Rear facing in an infant seat starts at newborn and goes to the maximum weight and height for that seat – not necessarily one year of age for all seats and all children, but no child under one year, 22lbs and walking unassisted should be forward facing.
• The infant seat should be on a 45 degree angle at all times, most seats have an angle adjuster or a line to show the right angle.
• Car seats should only be used in a car unless used with a stroller combination to ensure proper angle and child safety.
• Car seats should not go on the top of shopping carts, on high flat surfaces, on beds, or on sofas.
• Remember that car seats do expire! Check your expiration date.
• It is illegal in Ontario to purchase and use a used car seat in a vehicle that does not meet the 2012 requirements.
• Never put a child in a rear-facing (or other) seat in the front seat of a car! Under 12 – back seat is the best place.
Rear-Facing – Convertible Seat w/ 5pt Harness
Forward Facing – 5pt Harness Seat
Important things to remember
• Just because your child meets the minimum requirements to use a booster seat does not mean they are physically, or mentally ready. The minimum is 40 pounds, 40 inches and/or 4 years.
• A child must be able to sit correctly in the booster seat at all times – this means no moving the seat belt off shoulders, no slouching (especially while sleeping), ect.
• A child's knees should be at or over the end of the booster/car's seat.
• It is best to use a high back booster seat to help with proper positioning. The shoulder belt should be on the shoulder, not the neck of the child. The lap belt must be on the lap of the child, not the stomach or lower legs of the child, and it must stay there.
• If there is no head rest in the car, you MUST use high back booster seat.
• Practice a few times with a booster seat before you totally move your child to the seat, especially if planning a long car ride.
• A child must be in a booster seat until 8 years old, and/or 4ft9in tall and/or 80lbs. This does not mean you cannot keep a child in a booster (high back or not) longer then 8 years old if they are not ready physically or mentally. If they reach weight and height limits before 8, try finding a higher limit booster. Some go to 100 pounds!
• Placing the shoulder belt behind your child's back or under the arm is not only an unsafe practice but it is also a chargeable offence. In a crash, these children are likely to jackknife forward over the lap belt causing serious injury.
• Always follow the manufacturer's instruction manual.
• Booster seats expire too, check your seat!
• You cannot use a booster seat if the vehicle does not have both the lap belt and shoulder belt.
• Never put a child in a booster (or any other) seat in the front seat of a car! Under 12 – back seat is safest!
Installing Car Seats & Other Important Notes
Adult Seat for Older Children (Aprox age 8-12 yrs)
Follow this guide! When you child can pass these steps in every vehicle they are ready to come out of the booster seat as long as they reached the minimum weight (80lns) or height (4ft9in)
In : Educational
Tags: car seat child restraint technician safe booster seat five step test guide best practice safety help crst